What You Should Know About Autism
Autism is a lifelong disorder that affects the way a person communicates with and relates to other people. The cause of autism is not known for sure, research is ongoing. It was once thought that the immunization for Measles, Mumps and Rubella, which is generally given at 12 months of age was a possible cause of autism, but that has since been widely disproved. Recent research suggests there may be a chromosomal (genetic) factor in the development of autism, but that has yet to be proved beyond a doubt.
The words 'autism' and 'autistic' were first used to describe what is now known as Autism Spectrum Disorder early in the 20th century by a Swiss psychiatrist. The words derive from the Greek word 'autos', meaning 'self' and refers to the individual's exclusion of the outside world.
Autism was first described as a specific condition in 1943 in a paper by Dr Leo Kanner. In 1944, Dr Hans Asperger published a paper describing a similar condition, which is now known as Asperger Syndrome.
In the 1950s and 60s, autism was thought to be a psychiatric condition caused by bad parenting and detached mothers. This was later proved to be a completely erroneous belief as autism was shown to be a biological condition that requires treatment, not ignorance. Check out the Free Range Lives Blog for more details.
Despite advances in modern medicine and research techniques, autism still remains a mystery to all concerned. It is not a rare disorder, and it is in fact the second most prevalent developmental disorder, after mental retardation in the United States. There is no prevention, no cure and no treatment as such, only methods of management. To learn more about autism, check out http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/autism.
Community awareness, tolerance and support are vital for people with autism spectrum disorders and their families and like will all illnesses this will take time to encourage and nurture in the community.
Below are some tips you can follow to help an autistic child learn how to communicate:
o Do not anticipate the needs of the child
o Make things far away from him and don't allow access them easily
o Ask the child to participate in activities, speak or make signs
o Put the child in situations where needs to ask for help (a damaged game)
o Use the general questions that require clarification (Ex: What do you want? Ask John to play with us. Tell me the story. What's next?
o Let the child express himself
o Timing the amount of speech
The above is an overview of what you should know about autism. Please check out http://freerangelives.com/about-us/ if you have questions.